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PASSIFLORA edulis

Image of Passiflora edulis

flickr.com/elfpunk999

Family

Passifloraceae

Botanical Name

PASSIFLORA edulis

Plant Common Name

Edible-fruited Passionflower, Passionfruit

General Description

Passionfruit is an evergreen, perennial vine native to southern Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. It is the source of commercial passionfruit fruit for juice, jams and the fresh market. Plantations for the large, vigorous, productive vines exist throughout tropical and subtropical regions worldwide including Brazil, Columbia, Australia and Hawaii. There are several different forms that differ in fruit qualities. These include the yellow-fruited f. flavicarpa and sweet-fruited f. edulis.

The dark green, glossy, lobed leaves of this passionfruit are arranged alternately on angular stems. Tendrils extend from the leaf axils (joint between the leaves and stems), helping the plants to climb. Beautiful flowers appear most abundantly in summer, but a few will pop-up year round in warm climates. The complex flowers are composed of white fleshy reproductive structures surrounded by a fringe of white-topped, lavender to purple filaments and many white to slightly lavender petals. The blooms are naturally pollinated by carpenter bees. The fruit ripens mostly in the fall and winter and is egg-shaped. Fruit color may be purple, yellow, yellow-green or orange and the sweet, seedy, sweet pulp inside is also variable in color.

Passionflower is an aggressive vine and will quickly cover structures or other plants. It must be supported or trellised for fruit production. It prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade for a short portion of the day. Well-drained soil is required; it is drought tolerant but fruit production is best with regular watering. This passionfruit is frost sensitive. Grow it in containers where not hardy.

This passionfruit is the larval food for several butterfly species. The caterpillars may cause the leaves to look a little tattered and chewed, but the damage is generally nothing to worry about.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 6

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Green, Lavender

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow, Red, Green, Purple

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Red, Green, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Rock Garden / Wall, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes