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HELLEBORUS niger

Image of Helleborus niger

International Flower Bulb Centre

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

HELLEBORUS niger

Plant Common Name

Christmas Rose

General Description

A beautiful plant for the shade garden, this semi-evergreen herbaceous perennial is native to the mountains of Europe. The large, white, cup-shaped flowers with waxy petals and showy yellow stamens may appear in early winter or early spring, depending on the climate and the cultivar. The blooms sometimes age to pale pink. The hand-shaped, glossy, compound leaves grow directly from the ground and persist through winter.

Christmas rose grows best in neutral to alkaline soil in a shady spot. Remove the old leaves in spring when the new ones appear.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    8"-12" / 20.3cm - 30.5cm

  • Width

    0"-0" / 0.0cm - 0.0cm (18)

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Early Winter, Winter, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes