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EUPHORBIA fulgens

Image of Euphorbia fulgens

Jessie Keith

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Botanical Name

EUPHORBIA fulgens

Plant Common Name

Scarlet-plume

General Description

Scarlet plume is an upright deciduous subshrub with long weeping branches that become covered with blooms in winter. It is native to Mexico that exudes a milky sap from its stems and leaves that can be a mild skin irritant. Its winter display makes it best suited as a landscape plant for the far south, though it can also serve as a houseplant or conservatory specimen.

In winter, the colorful scarlet plume becomes covered with small blooms that appear along its long arching branches between dark green, lance-shaped leaves. The numerous flowers are bright orange-red and cover the entire length of each stem. A number of wonderful cultivars have been introduced with white, salmon, peach or orange blooms as well as those with dark red or purple leaves.

Grow this beautiful shrub in sites with partial sun to partial shade and porous soil with average fertility. It thrives in high heat and humidity and needs regular water in the heat of summer. Reduce watering in fall and water minimally in winter for best performance. This showy subtropical evergreen is ideal for foundation plantings, mixed borders or containers. Its floral stems are also ideal for cutting and offer a bright flare of color to arrangements.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    11 - 8

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 13, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    3'-5' / 0.9m - 1.5m (4)

  • Width

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Fall, Early Winter, Winter, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Mexico

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Habit

    Arching/Fountain-shaped

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Green, Dark Red

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Foundation, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes