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ADONIS amurensis

Image of Adonis amurensis

Jessie Keith

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

ADONIS amurensis

Plant Common Name

Amur Adonis, Fukuju-so, Ganjitsu-so

General Description

The Greek God Adonis represents life, death, and rebirth much like this sweet spring ephemeral. A truly magical early season bloomer, the low-growing Amur adonis produces large, glossy, semi-double buttercups towards winter's end. The traditional Japanese name "Fukuju-so" translates to "good fortune, long lived plants". Another old Japanese name is "Ganjitsu-so", which means "New Year's Day plant", referring to its early bloom time. Wild specimens naturally exist along open grassy slopes or wooded areas throughout Japan, northern China, Mongolia, and Korea.

Rising from slow spreading rhizomes, Amur adonis produces flower buds in late winter surrounded by clasping dark green foliage that has yet to unfold. The glossy, golden flowers make most of the early season sun--opening when the sun's rays are upon them and closing at night or on cloudy days. Bees are the primary pollinators. The feathery leaves rise and unfold to bright green as the flowers fade. Small, dry, brown achenes are the fruits that fall to the ground and occasionally germinate. By late spring, the foliage dies back for the season.

Full to partial sun and well-drained upland soil with a neutral pH are ideal for Amur adonis. Be sure to plant this true ephemeral among later blooming perennials that will fill in the gaps they leave behind. Long established specimens will spread to create pleasing floral clumps. Plant with Siberian squill and other scilla.

Japan is the source of the finest Amur adonis cultivars. Of these, the amber orange 'Titibushinkou' and primrose yellow 'Shiun' really stand out.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 7

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    3"-6" / 7.6cm - 15.2cm

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Russia/Siberia, China, Japan, Korea

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Gold

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single, Semi-Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No