Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

ABIES concolor

Image of Abies concolor

Mark Kane

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

ABIES concolor

Plant Common Name

White Fir

General Description

Widely adaptable with a striking silvery light blue color, white fir is a pyramidal evergreen tree native to western North America, from southwestern Canada to northern Baja California. This large coniferous tree is admired for its short, soft needles of silvery blue-green and its dense symmetrical habit. The female cones are green when immature, then brown at maturity, usually only found in the upper third of the canopy. Its bark is whitish gray and new twigs have a yellow-green hue and are slightly hairy.

Like most firs, this tree is best planted in slightly acidic, well-drained, soil that is moist. White fir is also noted for being somewhat tolerant of heat, drought and pollution; this is arguably the most adaptable and forgiving of all Abies for the garden and urban landscape. This is an excellent specimen plant for large areas, and when planted en masse they make imposing privacy screens or windbreaks. There are numerous cultivars of white fir that vary in size and habit, including compact, dwarf and weeping selections. Deer forage upon the tender needles and buds while porcupines are known to eat the bark.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    30'-130' / 9.1m - 39.6m (50)

  • Width

    15'-30' / 4.6m - 9.1m (20)

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    North America, Western United States, Northwestern United States, Southwestern United States, California, Canada, Mexico

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Fruit Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green, Blue Green, Gray Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green, Gray Green, Steel Blue, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Blue Green, Gray Green, Steel Blue, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Gray Green, Steel Blue, Silver

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Sandy Brown, Ivory, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No